Parallel session 7: Resource efficiency and circular economy indicators and targets.

The session started with Barbara Bacigalupi, Policy Officer, Directorate General for Environment, European Commission. The general idea was about monitoring progress on circular economy in the EU.

Moving from linear to circular economy requires a systematic change across the economy. Hence there is no one circularity indicator. 10 individual indicators were identified covering 4 main groups:

*Production consumption

*Waste management

*Secondary raw material

*Competitiveness innovation

By doing so, the entire loop of circular economy has been covered, capturing the main circular economy elements. Some suggestions on how to improve the EU monitoring frame work by 2021 were also mentioned.

Prof. Dr. Hans Mommaas Director, Netherlands Enviromental Assessment Agency gave some insights on how in the Netherlands they are trying to handle the complexity of monitoring and evaluating the circular economy. He also mentioned the critical elements target setting, the indicator sets and stakeholdernetwork. To conclude he mentioned the faced challenges like availability of data of private sector for instance, and creating comparable data across countries.

Dr. Melanie Haupt Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zürich, Switzerland talked about the waste disposal indicators and their applications as well as the national target settings for waste management.

Dr. Philip Nuss from Section Fundamental Aspects, Sustainability Strategies and Scenarios, Sustainable Resource Use, German Environment Agency, highlighted the development of science-based target. The general idea was that it is necessary to provide industry and governments with targets for orientation on sustainable resource use. The footprint-based indicators and targets can be integrated into management. Besides, Proxy targets allow learning starting with today s knowledge informed by science considering context.

Naoures Hmissi, ELTE university, Budapest Hungary.